The most popular European and American re industri

2022-08-05
  • Detail

Reindustrialization in Europe and the United States impacts on China's machine tool machinery industry according to the latest final value data of HSBC Manufacturing Purchasing Manager Index (PMI), in September this year, new export orders of Chinese enterprises recorded the largest decline in 42 months. Affected by this, domestic manufacturing according to the latest final value data of the HSBC Manufacturing Purchasing Manager Index (PMI), in September this year, new export orders of Chinese enterprises recorded the largest decline in 42 months. Affected by this, the domestic manufacturing output recorded the largest decline since March in the same period, and the manufacturing procurement volume fell for the fifth consecutive month, and the decline rate was the largest since February

European and American countries, which are getting farther and farther along the road of virtual economy, have to stop and reflect on their own economic growth model, thus opening the curtain of Reindustrialization. In the past year, not only the United States has put forward the strategic policy of returning to manufacturing, but also the European Union and Japan have introduced strong policies to revitalize manufacturing. At the same time, Vietnam, India and other Asian developing countries have also accelerated the pace of economic restructuring and industrial upgrading. In the future, China's manufacturing industry will have to bear the dual forces of Reindustrialization in developed countries and accelerated catch-up in emerging market countries

1. The design of the fixture of the universal tensile testing machine is mainly based on the experimental standards of materials and the shape and material of samples (especially finished products and semi-finished products)

According to the Research Report on manufacturing returning to the United States published by Boston Consulting Group, the proportion of China's unit labor cost in the U.S. unit labor cost will rise from 3% in 2000 to 17% in 2015. This growing process means that China's low-cost labor advantage over the United States will gradually be lost, that is, from the current 55% to 39% in 2015. BCG believes that the huge domestic market, the popularity of capital intensive industries and the huge talent pool in developed countries will ensure that they will become a rising force in the world's manufacturing industry; This reshuffle of the global manufacturing industry is still at a very early stage and will become more and more significant in the next five years

China's manufacturing industry is facing great pressure. On the one hand, the domestic industrial construction has put forward new technical requirements for the manufacturing industry. On the other hand, the international manufacturing market is impacted by high-quality and low-price goods. At present, China's manufacturing industry has strongly felt the unprecedented worry of external attack. Luo Baihui, CEO of Jinmo machine tool, said that there is a certain gap between China's manufacturing industry and developed countries in value-added. Only from the perspective of the contribution coefficient of intermediate input, developed countries can roughly get 1 unit or more of newly created value for one unit of value, while China can only get 0.56 units of newly created value. In order to boost the manufacturing industry, developed countries also favor the manufacturing industry in terms of tax, foreign trade and investment policies. Among them, the EU has increased the amount of support for manufacturing R & D in the budget plan for fiscal year 2013, and the US government will spend a lot of money to establish a manufacturing Innovation Research Institute jointly built by government departments and the private sector in Ohio, Japan has formed a strong support for its manufacturing exports through massive and frequent foreign exchange market intervention

it is worth noting that the Reindustrialization strategy of developed countries has led to the withdrawal of international capital from China. Since March this year, American consumer goods giants Jiadun company, construction machinery company caterpillar, sporting goods manufacturer Adidas, Ford Motor Company and Starbucks group have successively transferred all or part of their product manufacturing from China to the United States. According to the latest speculation of Boston Consulting Group, 15% of American enterprises will return from China to the United States in the next five years

it should be emphasized that the impact of Reindustrialization in Europe and the United States does not just rest on the withdrawal of China's manufacturing capital. As the Reindustrialization of developed countries aims at building high-end manufacturing industry and its competitive advantage, and China is also carrying out industrial structure adjustment and industrial upgrading from low-end to middle-end and high-end at this stage, the two sides will inevitably have new intersection in the industrial field, and the future competition of China's manufacturing industry in the high-end manufacturing field will be more intense

in the traditional low-end fields, China's manufacturing industry has also encountered cruel squeeze from emerging market countries in Asia. According to the report of Boston Consulting Company, the labor cost in China has been higher than that in other seven Asian countries. Among them, the production cost in Vietnam is 15%~30% lower than that in China. In the tensile test (stress-strain test) of the pressure testing machine, the two ends of the data sample are usually clamped on two clamps with a fixed distance of 1. Indonesia is 40% lower than China, while Bangladesh, which has the lowest labor cost, is only 1/5 of China. Affected by this, ITO Yokado has planned to transfer 75% of its production capacity in China to Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand. Essex and Mizuno have also reduced the production proportion of sports shoes and other sports goods in China and expanded their production scale in Vietnam and Indonesia

the pressure of trade friction on China's manufacturing industry has also increased unprecedentedly. Statistics show that in the first eight months of this year, while the trade remedy investigation cases initiated by peripheral economies against China reached a record high, the number of trade friction cases against China by developing countries rose sharply from 17% of the total number of cases in the world in 2002 to 36%. Coupled with the possible obstacles in the high-end field, the internationalization of China's manufacturing industry will be extremely difficult in the future. According to the data released by the China Enterprise Confederation, the international operation of Chinese enterprises is still in its infancy. The average transnational index of 100 multinational companies in 2011 was only 12.93%, far lower than the average level of 26.25% of the world's top 100 multinational companies in the same period, and also lower than the level of 38.95% of the world's top 100 multinational companies whose development is generally within 0.03mm

at present, the numerical control rate of the output value of metal cutting machine tools in China is 55%, but it is more than 30% lower than the 88% in South Korea. The grade of CNC lathes and machining centers made in Korea is slightly higher than that of Chinese products. However, at present, the beds in China are still mainly economical, and the added value of products is very low. However, Luo Baihui said that Chinese enterprises also have their own unique advantages. For example, they have the production foundation of traditional machine tools for many years. At the same time, they have a certain amount of technology accumulation in a certain manufacturing link, especially the technical precipitation of casting/forging technology in the mechanical part. They have a wide range of financing channels. Enterprises with a certain amount of traditional market share and capital accumulation can set up large enterprise groups in advance through acquisition The holding mode absorbs and digests the most comprehensive results of the output of relatively advanced foreign technologies. Therefore, Chinese enterprises need to seize good development opportunities, strengthen independent innovation, improve technology level and industrialization scale, and actively explore emerging markets to cope with future market competition

at present, China's machine tool enterprises lack the awareness and ability of independent innovation and basic theoretical research, which restricts the development of China's machine tool technology. Luobaihui believes that to change this situation, we should deeply study the characteristics and requirements of the product process of the user industry, develop high-level processing equipment in combination with the process characteristics, and also pay attention to the research of basic theoretical work, Only in this way can China's machine tool industry have a better development in the near future

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI